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Lotion, Creams and Body Butter: Whats the difference?

Good morning all.
I'm gonna start producing more tutorials on body products so this article is sort of the entry level understanding on the difference between each body products.
Saya akan mula menulis tutorial bagaimana untuk membuat body product.

Now before i start let me introduce you to the three different types of basic moisturisers available in the market. There are lotions, Creams and Body Butter. All three are formulated to hydrate our skin, locking in natural moisture produce by our body (it tends to 'evaporate' out so we need occlusive barrier to lock them in usually by moisturisers. We also need moisturisers that protect our skin from harsh weather, dryness, and environmental toxins which usually leads to problems such as rashes and contact dermatitis.
Oleh itu, sebelum says mula, saya ingin mulakan blog post ini dengan manyatakan perbezaan diantara body product yang ada didalam pasaran dan perbezaannya. Di pasaran mempunyai tiga jenis moisturiser; Lotion, Krim dan Body Butter. Ketiga-tiga ini berfungsi dengan cara yang sam a iaitu untuk melembabkan kulit serta membantu kulit untuk menyimpan minyak natural badan supaya kulit sentiasa lembab. Moisturizer juga boleh digunakkan untuk melindungi kulit daripada ancaman kimia sekitar, panas sejuk, debu dan sebagainya

So whats the difference between Lotion, Cream And Body Butter?
Apa perbezaan Lotion, Krim dan Body Butter?
Although the basic formulation is the same, where it consists of 4 main components: Oil phase, Water Phase, Emulsifying agent, and preservatives, The consistency and texture is very much different. When we use them and where we use it is the main factor when deciding to use these moisturisers.
Walaupun formulas basic adalah sama dimana ia mempunyai 4 komponen asas: Minyak, Air, Emulsifying agent (untuk mencampurkan minyak dan air), dan pengawet. Kita perlu tahu perbezaannya bagi mengetahui bila dan kenapa kita menggunakan sesatu formulasi tersebut. 

These are the most diluted and thinnest form of moisturisers. In lotions, the water phase is usually more than the oil phase. it varies between 10-30% of oil phase. Depending on the parts of the body its gonna be used, determining the type of oil you use in it is one of the important factor to ensure your lotion is beneficial. Oils in lotion making can be divided into three, the lighter oils, medium oil and heavier oil (a post on this is coming up soon!). Depending on which oil you use in the lotion is going to effect your final product and consistency as well as the 'feeling' on skin. Olive oil for example is a heavy oil. So when you put a lotion with olive oil on, you will have this 'heavy' and sticky feeling on your skin. (i hope you know what i mean. I can't describe it better:)
Lotion selalunya adalah yang paling cair dan senang disapu. Di dalam lotion selalunya terdapat lebih banyak air daripada minyak (minyak lebih kurang 10-30% sahaja yang selebihnya air). memandangkan minyak adalah komponen penting didalam sesuatu body product itu, adalah penting untuk kita memastikan minyak yang digunakkan untuk membuat lotion adalah sangat memanfaatkan kondisi yang kita sedang cuba selesaikan. Di dalam kategori minyak kita mempunyai tiga jenis kategori: Ringan, medium dan berat (blog akan ditulis mengenai ini tak lama lagi). Bergantung kepada area di mana lotion ini akan digunakan, kita perlu memastikan minyak yang digunakkan adalah sesuai. Olive oil contohnya adalah minya yang 'berat'. jadi apabila menggunakan olive oil di dalam lotion, ia akan menyebabkan kulit kita rasa sangat berminyak dan susah untuk disapu. Bagi lotion seperti ini adalah lebih elok digunnakan di kawasan kulit tebal atau badan dan bukannya tangan. 

Creams are thicker in consistency compared to lotions. Its much suited for people with dry skin or areas where the skin is thicker like the elbow, knee etc. In creams there is more oil than lotions and it has more solid fats/ oils like shea butter, cocoa butter and mango butter to ensure its thicker than lotion. The water content is usually lesser than lotion and usually the ratio would be 1:1 of water and oil.
Krim adalah lebih pekat daripada lotion. ia adalah lebih sesuai digunnakan oleh orang yang berkulit kering atau dikawasan kulit tebal seperti di peha dan siku. Apabila membuat krim, selalunya kita akan menggunakan solid butter seperti shea butter, mango butter dan cocoa butter bersama dengan minyak cair seperti olive oil, avocado oil etc. Air didalam krim juga adalah kurang daripada di dalam lotion. 

Body Butter:
Body butter is the thickest form of moisturisers. Usually preferred in cold country and not really suitable for asian skin as our weather is so hot that the body butter would make your skin feel very sticky. Best used at night in this country just before you sleep in your air cond room:-)
In body butter the solid fat content is usually higher than the liquid oil. In terms of water, it usually contents 0-30% water. If you want to make solid body butter, check out our tutorial on how to make it here.
Body butter adalah moisturiser yang paling pekat. ia selalunya digunnakan di kawasan yang sejuk untuk memastikan kulit tidak kering. Di negara ini ia kurang sesuai digunnakan kerana menjadikan kulit rasa melekit. Jika ingin guna, ia lebih sesuai digunakan pada waktu malam. Formulasinya mempunyai paling sedikit air. Jika anda ingin melihat tutorial untuk membuat solid body butter, sila klik disini. 

So here it is the very basic in moisturiser making. Now it depends on what product you want to make. Do check out our blog from time to time as we will be updating more tutorials on how to make all these in this coming weeks.

Take care...

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If you are one of those who wants to understand why certain ingredients is in your skincare/cosmetics, learn how to make and formulate your own cosmetic line, do contact us for our next workshop.


  1. hi saya nak tanya, bagaimana nak naikan Ph cream, saya ada buat krim muksendiri, PH adalah sgt rendah 3-4, saya clueless untuk medapatkan PH yg ideal. bahan2 nya dalah seperti apricot kernel oil, almond oil, vitamin e, and pati pekat essential granium, frankinsce, lavendar, orange. mohon tunjuk ajar. kandungan air adalah senyak 60%, manakala 40% air, hope u can respond immediately , thanks

  2. I want to know more about making hand & body lotion


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